HOW TO SERGE BY HAND
How to serge by hand. A serger always comes in handy, but if you don’t own one, your hands can do. Whether you own a sewing machine or not, learning some basic hand stitches will prove to be quite useful in the long run. You can’t physically take your sewing machine with you everywhere, so knowing how to make a few quick fixes by hand can sometimes be a lifesaver. In case you don’t actually own a sewing machine, you can not only repair rips with hand stitching, but also sew smaller permanent seams. If you own a sewing machine, sometimes getting it out is just for a quick fix, so learning how to mimic a machine stitch by hand can be quite helpful.
Other instances where hand stitching is necessary in the sewing process include sewing areas that are difficult to reach with a machine needle, hand attaching patches, hems and other applications, and blind finishing such as a seam and catch stitch. Another important hand stitch worth knowing is the blanket stitch, which can be used to replace the zig zag stitch on a home sewing machine. It can be applied along the raw edges of fabric to prevent fraying and is also commonly used for decorative purposes. This is an important hand stitch that is often used in garments and especially in quilting. If you find that you enjoy the therapeutic aspect of hand embroidery, there are also plenty of intricate hand embroidery stitches that you can experiment with once you get more comfortable with the process.
THE FOUR BEST HAND SERGING TECHNIQUES
How to serge by hand. If you are still starting out, we recommend that you focus on just a few basic but essential hand stitches applicable to almost any project. Below are 4 such stitches. If you used these 4 stitches together, you would actually be able to sew a garment from start to finish without the need for a sewing machine.
- Hand stitch quilt
This is a great stitch that can be used as a substitute for the zigzag if needed. As the name suggests, quilt stitch (also commonly referred to as topstitching or topstitching) is often applied along the edges of quilts, certain towels, and blankets to smooth them and prevent them from rolling. It is also used quite often when stitching along the edge of a fabric, both for decorative purposes and to prevent the edge from unraveling. Just like on a sewing machine, you can really control the density and length/size of the quilt stitch when sewing by hand. A thicker, shorter stitch works better for lighter fabrics that fray more easily. In contrast, a larger, less dense quilt stitch is applied along the edges of thicker fabrics with less fraying.
- Hand backstitch
You can actually replace this with a regular machine straight stitch if needed. The reason it is so durable is that the process requires constant quilting that doubles the layers of stitches. Keep in mind that a shorter back stitch will create a thicker, denser surface. This is a great hand stitch for sewing or fixing small seams. You can also use it for hand quilting or sewing in places that are hard to reach with a sewing machine.
- Slip Stitch
The slip stitch is a great hand stitch that you can master whether you own a sewing machine or not. It is often used in conjunction with other machine applications to sew hard-to-reach areas or apply a blind finish. However, you will most often come across the blind hemming method, which is used on various garments. Slip stitching is also a great technique for fixing surface tears or joining seams on the facing side of fabric. It is a hidden stitches that, when used correctly, should not be noticeable on the face of the garment and barely visible on the wrong side.
- Permanent fastening stitch
The permanent stitch looks very fine and is easy to apply. It is used as a stabilizer to prevent certain layers of fabric from shifting or to join different parts of a garment together. A permanent stitch is found and applied most often on the inside of hems and linings to prevent them from shifting out of alignment or flipping over to the facing of the garment. It’s also a great way to keep rolled cuffs in place for wear and care. You may have already noticed this stitch on denim shorts and cuffed blouses. There are several different styles of staples, both permanent and temporary, that are used for different purposes. The most common are crises-cross, bar tacks (discussed below), heavy tacks, and French tacks. Cross and pole are the most commonly used, so it’s a good idea to start by mastering one of those two.
STEP BY STEP SERGE GUIDE BY HAND
How to serge by hand. In the absence of a serger, your hands become the machine that gives you the result. You have to understand that before the days of sewing machines, people sewed their clothes by hand using threads and needles. You also need to go back to basics with serging. Here are some basic things you’ll need to start the process:
- Fabric of your choice
Once you have all the necessary items, you need to continue the process. Find the correct needle size. It is important to choose the correct needle size to match your fabric. Make sure your needle is not too heavy and not too light for the fabric. Before you begin, tie a knot on the back of the fabric by passing the needle through.
- Turn the thread
Now you need to make loops on the edge of the fabric. Simply pull the needle through the fabric, take it back and bring it to the front, leaving a small piece aside. The first loop you make must be tighter than the ones that follow. Pull the thread
Your first loop will be over the edge. In order for it to hold tight, you must not pull the thread so tightly that it curls your fabric. The thread must be straight and lie smoothly on the edge.
- Repeat the loops
Now you will be pretty confident with your loops. So make such loops until you reach the end of the edge of the fabric. Make sure the needle thread is under the loop so it wraps tightly around the edges. If the thread is on top, it can cause a knot after a few loops. A neatly finished fabric is a must and you have to do some hard work to get it. Serving cloth is a tough job that you will have to do to give the cloth the desired neatness at the edges. Here are a few different ways you can serge by hand.
- Pink seams
It is considered the easiest way to reduce edge fraying. Seam pinking is better known as the process of pinking scissors. Before you start pressing, you need to use scissors and cut along the edges. The pinking blade will also come in handy, which will make the task much easier and faster. This method is particularly ideal for woven fabrics and does not lose fabric like linen.
- Zigzag seams
The zigzag seam is the strongest of all. You don’t need much practice to learn the zigzag stitch; all you need to learn is the correct seam allowance to help you. Use the correct seam allowance and start sewing. This particular pattern will work wonders on fabrics that have a lot of curves, like the armholes in your tops. You can also use it on fabrics with straight seams that are more difficult to cut. No matter how you practice, the zigzag stitch is the best stitch for joining fabric edges without binding.
HOW IS THE BEST WAY OF SERGING BY HAND
How to serge by hand. There are lots of patterns you can use to cut by hand. One of the best and most effective patterns to use is the zigzag pattern. It has the best adhesion to the fabric and reduces any damage. Just stitch correctly and make tighter stitches compared to the loose loop you create for standard serge. This works great on fabrics with straight seams that are difficult to cut.
Serging and zigzag stitches are some of the most commonly used seam treatments in tailoring. They are easy to apply, inexpensive and one of the most effective at preventing fabric fraying. Zig-zag and quilting are considered cross-stitching and therefore fall under the quilting category.
Choose the right needle for the job depending on your fabric. Now wrap the thread around the edges and pull it out. Once you’ve made a loop, repeat the steps to create tightly knit loops to create neat fabric edges. Although it can be time consuming, you have to dedicate yourself to creating these fortresses. If you don’t have a serger, your hand can work wonders if you stay patient.
Zig zag serging is considered a basic step that everyone must follow to secure edges. This is usually done with the help of a serger as it makes the whole process much easier. You can also trim the edge by hand. Edge design is very important to secure the edges as the fabric is prone to wrinkling during pre-washing or sewing. This step is best avoided if you want to give your fabric a clean and elegant look and make the final product as awesome as it can be. Serging helps in pressing the thread that protrudes from the fabric.
FEATURES OF SERGING BY HAND
How to serge by hand. One of the key features of a tailored suit is the hand sewing that goes into it. But why it is so important and what advantages does it have over machine sewing?
- Control and shape
By marking the exact seam lines in the thread, the different pieces of the pattern can be matched and then hand stitched in exactly the right places. Fullness in one pattern piece can be spread and softened into an adjacent piece by rolling the fabric over the fingers. Machine sewing is done on a flat surface where layers of fabric are sandwiched between the presser foot and the machine plate. Controlling the fullness in one of the layers is more difficult here and often leads to it being pushed out along the length of the seam where it is not desired.
- Deeper seam allowance
Bespoke tailoring is created for long term wear and enjoyment. Therefore, they must be able to adapt not only to changing characters, but also to fashion. Deep seam allowances, also known as insets, are essential to make a garment stand out. However, when you have wider seams, matching curved seams will be more difficult. Taping the seams together, as well as manipulating the liners by stretching or shrinking them to lay flat when pressed, is the only way to achieve a great end result.
- Strength and durability
In general, machined seams are very strong and stable (sorry – couldn’t resist). However, machines have their limitations and the most obvious area where hand sewing is much better is the buttonhole. When created on a machine, they are first stitched and then cut. The edges fray as a result, especially when the button is scrolled frequently. In contrast, a hand-sewn buttonhole is created after the hole is cut. The edges are then covered with many small stitches and knots that create a clean and more durable surface.
- Invisible stitches
When hemming by hand, it is possible to catch only one or two threads from the fabric and thus create a completely invisible hem from the right side of the fabric. The same applies to the cleaning of seam allowances. In conventionally produced garments, the edges of the seams are locked to prevent fraying. An over lock stitch uses a minimum of three threads to cover the edge, while a hand-finished edge uses only one thread. This is beneficial when the garments are fitted, as it usually doesn’t show through the stitching on the right side of the fabric and the seams hang better on their own.
You may be wondering what hand sewing has to do with pressing a garment, but it has a significant advantage, especially for lined garments. In order to be able to machine sew the lining into, for example, a jacket, the right sides of the fabric must be together. Once the lining is sewn, it must be turned right side out, which is achieved by stretching the entire garment. a small opening in the lining seam (usually in the sleeve or side seam). This rubs the fabric a lot, but hand stitching the lining allows the garment to be perfectly pressed and then gently assembled without having to wrestle with it under the machine.
How to serge by hand. Serging has become much more convenient with the help of machines and other equipment. With countless sewing options, you can turn the fabric into anything you like. There are lots of things you can do to keep your sewing project neat and tidy. Finishing the edges and making them look crisp is an important step in your sewing project. Yes, you can use a serger to hem the edges to prepare them for sewing. Some people like to serge after finishing the stitch. In any case, this is the best way to give your fabric a final look.