SEWING MACHINE HISTORY
SEWING MACHINE HISTORY Hand sewing has been practiced since early civilization about 20,000 years ago. This art form included animal bones as needles and the first type of thread was made using animal tendons. However, iron needles were already invented in the 14th century. In 1755, Karl Weisenthal was issued the first patent for mechanical sewing. This patent was issued to him for the needle he designed for the machine. A patent for a complete sewing machine was issued in 1790 to English inventor Thomas Saint. However, no weather was found to actually produce a working model. A reproduction of Saint’s invention design didn’t work either.
A not very well-functioning automaton was invented by the German Balthazar Kreme, for which he did not receive a patent, in 1810. For several attempts at the invention, the Australian tailor Josef Madersperger received a patent in 1814. He invented the sewing machine, although all were unsuccessful. Thomas Stone and James Henderson received a patent in 1804 for a machine imitating hand sewing. Scott John Duncan also received a patent that same year for an embroidery machine that had many needles. Both of these inventions were unsuccessful. John Adams Doge and John Knowles invented the machine in 1818. It was the first American sewing machine, which turned out to be a failed venture they undertook.
In 1830, Bailorarthelemy Thimonnier, a French tailor, invented the first fully functional sewing machine. This machine was so successful that a group of French tailors, who thought they would become unemployed as a result of his invention, tried to kill Thimonnir. This machine worked with thread and a hook needle that allowed sewing with the same chain used in embroidery.
Walter Hunt, in 1834 created the first successful sewing machine in America. However, due to the fear of unemployment for many people, he did not want to get a patent for it. The first American patent was therefore issued to Elias Howe in 1846. This machine had a needle with an eye that was passed through the fabric to form a loop on the opposite side, and then a second thread was passed through the loop to form a bond of stitches.
TYPES OF SEWING MACHINE
There are three types of sewing machines – mechanical sewing machines, electronic sewing machines and computerized sewing machines. From their introduction in the 1800s until the 1960s, all sewing machines were mechanical. They have knobs and dials to change tension or stitch length or width. Lockstitch sewing machines use hook and bobbin thread to create stitches, while chain stitch machines use a looper to create stitches. One of the main disadvantages of chain stitching is that it is very weak and the stitch can stretch easily. In addition to lock and chain sewing machines, there are blind stitch sewing machines and buttonhole and button sewing machines that use a spacer to create stitches. SEWING MACHINE HISTORY.
Mechanical sewing machines are cheaper and are the simplest type of sewing machine in construction. In the 1970s, electronic sewing machines became popular. An electronic sewing machine has more features than a mechanical sewing machine. Instead of rotary knobs or wheels, electronic sewing machines use a button to adjust stitch length or width. Electronic sewing machines have motors; each assigned a specific task and powered by electricity. Singer 7442, Singer 7462, Singer CE-100 Futura, Elna 3230 and Janome Decor Excel 5124 are some examples of electronic sewing machines.
They use the same chips and stepper motors as in electronic machines. Additionally, they have a microprocessor that helps the sewing machine receive new information in the form of a card and create stitch patterns based on the information entered on the card. Singer CE-200 Quantum Futura, Singer Quantum XL-6000, Brother SE270D and Janome 8080 are some examples of computerized sewing machines. On June 2, 1857, James Gibbs patented the first single-thread chain stitch sewing machine. Helen Augusta Blanchard of Portland, Maine (1840-1922) patented the first zigzag stitch machine in 1873. The zigzag stitch seals the edges of the seam better, making the garment stronger. The first mechanical sewing machines were used on the production lines of clothing factories. It was not until 1889 that a sewing machine for home use was designed and put on the market. By 1905, the electrically powered sewing machine was in widespread use.
OTHER HISTORIC MOMENTS IN THE SEWING MACHINE HISTORY
SEWING MACHINE HISTORY On June 2, 1857, James Gibbs patented the first chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine. Helen Augusta Blanchard of Portland, Maine (1840-1922) patented the first zigzag stitch machine in 1873. The zigzag stitch better seals the edges of a seam, making a garment sturdier. Helen Blanchard also patented 28 other inventions including the hat-sewing machine, surgical needles, and other improvements to sewing machines. The first mechanical sewing machines were used in garment factory production lines. It was not until 1889 that a sewing machine for use in the home was designed and marketed. By 1905, the electrically-powered sewing machine was in wide use.
THE FIRST FUNCTIONAL SEWING MACHINE
The first working sewing machine was invented by the French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier in 1830. Thimonnier’s machine used only one thread and a needle with a hook that made the same chain stitch as in embroidery. The inventor was nearly killed by an enraged group of French tailors who, as a result of his invention of the sewing machine, burned down his clothing factory in fear of unemployment.
Several inventors are trying to improve sewing
English inventor and cabinetmaker Thomas Saint received the first patent for a complete sewing machine in 1790. The patent described an awl that pierced a hole in leather and inserted a needle through the hole. In 1810, the German Balthazar Kreme invented an automatic cap sewing machine Austrian tailor Josef Madersperger tried to invent a sewing machine several times and in 1814 he was granted a patent. All his efforts were considered unsuccessful.
In 1804, Thomas Stone and James Henderson obtained a French patent for “a machine which imitated hand sewing”. In the same year, a patent was granted to Scott John Duncan for a “multi-needle embroidery machine”. In 1818, John Adams Doge and John Knowles invented the first American sewing machine. Their machine could not sew any useful amount of fabric before it failed. SEWING MACHINE HISTORY.
Before the invention of the sewing machine, all clothing, household furnishings and even farmer’s sacks were sewn by hand. The series of events and inventions that led to what we know today as the sewing machine were a very important part of history. Here’s a look at some of the inventors, their contributions, and how we finally made the dream of a machine that could make sewing easier a reality. Over the years other people and partnerships improved and made more machines. There has been more than a little controversy over patents and the threat of lawsuits. Allen B Wilson and Nathaniel Wheeler created a quieter, smoother machine in the 1850s and 1860s under the Wheeler and Wilson Machine Manufacturing Company. More and more people entered the design and manufacture of sewing machines. SEWING MACHINE HISTORY.