TYPES OF STITCHING LEATHER
There are a number of TYPES OF STITCHING LEATHER,, the most popular being the saddle stitch, Z stitch, box stitch and butt stitch. Either of these methods, if done correctly, will hold a solid material such as leather firmly in place. You can sew leather in many ways. Stitch types can generally be divided into two categories: single and double stitch. Saddle stitch and Z stitch are single stitches, while butt and frame stitch are double stitches.
Leather is a luxury material that requires focus and precision to provide a quality product that meets consumer needs. Many leather manufacturers use hand stitching to add extra value and precision to the product. Consumers have always craved handcrafting because no artificial intelligence can compete with human skill. There are various types and styles of leather stitching that artisans use to add value to their products.
THE FIVE BEST TYPES OF SEWING LEATHER
There are a few different types of stitching leather methods that are being used by various leather crafters as the style of stitching acts as the essence of the leather while adding an extra-luxe appearance to the item.
- A single stitch
The simplest type of stitch that a crafter uses to speed up sewing is the single stitch process. It allows the craftsman to work faster and increase productivity. The process is simply that one thread is passed through the eye of a needle and then the holes are sewn to the skin. There is only an inch of thread left at the end which can be shot out and pressed to create a nice finish.
- Saddle stitch
Saddle stitch is a technique used by many crafters to make a variety of items, especially purses. The plus point of the stitch is its strength, which is unattainable with a sewing machine. The process consists of two stitches in the same row. This is a craft that can only be accomplished by skilled personnel with immense precision.
- Box Stitch
This specific type of stitch is best for corners. A box stitch helps preserve the angular surface of the item. Mainly used in leather bags with sharp corners. The sewing process is complicated, requiring a number of tools, including an awl and a stapler. Because the box stitch is similar to the saddle stitch, it is easier to achieve. It is used for items that are used to wrap other items, such as a case with a certain gap between two screws.
- Cross stitch
You have probably seen many leather products, such as car seats, with a stitch in which the thread forms small crosses; this cross-stitching ensures the strength of the element when sewn together. The stitch is similar to a simple z stitch, but instead of z, the stitch forms an x line. Nowadays, stitch technique is largely machine-based to improve efficiency and save time, but many artisans still use it by hand.
- Baseball stitch
American softball illustrated quilting with a beautiful quilted ball. The stitch creates V-like symbols throughout the object. This forms the overall pattern along with the object when it is stitched. The specific stitch is mainly used for steering wheels and sofas.
SOME BASIC SKILLS IN HAND STITCHING LEATHER TYPES OF STITCHING LEATHER
- Step 1: Preparing the needle and thread
The first thing you need to know types of stitching leather when stitching leather is to cut the thread and thread the needle or needles you will be using. Leather hand stitching is usually done with thick waxed thread. The thickness is important because a thinner thread could tear through the leather when the stitches are pulled tight, and a thicker thread also looks more proportional to the length of the stitch and the overall size you are using when sewing the leather. The wax makes the thread easier to work with and also gives it stickiness that helps prevent it from unraveling. You can use unwaxed thread, but it won’t be as strong.
To get the correct length of thread, measure the seam you will be sewing and multiply by about 2.5. This should give you enough thread to saddle stitch the entire seam (I’ll explain in a moment). However, it’s usually not very practical to work with more than 3 feet of thread, so if your length is longer, you may have to start the second thread part way through the seam, which is perfectly fine.
- Step 2: Single needle saddle stitch
Saddle stitch is the most common stitch for hand stitching leather. Unlike a straight stitch, which looks like a broken dotted line every other stitch, a saddle stitch fills each stitch on both sides, creating one continuous line similar to a sewing machine stitch. (It’s basically just two straight stitches that mirror each other on each side of the leather.)
This double stitching makes saddle stitch stronger than straight because when one thread breaks, the other still holds. There are two ways to saddle stitch: the two-needle method or the one-needle, two-pass method. Using two needles at the same time is the traditional method and makes it easy to create perfectly even stitches, but it’s a bit more difficult to master and really requires the use of a sewing pony. Each of these can be useful in different circumstances, so I’ll show you both.
To use the one needle, two passes method, start sewing by inserting the needle into the first hole in the seam, pull the thread through leaving a tail about 2 inches long, then pull the needle through the second hole in the seam to make a single stitch.
Step 3: Using a sewing pony for a double-needle saddle stitch
A sewing pony is a useful hand sewing tool because it essentially acts as another set of hands to hold your work in place as you sew. They may be a bit more expensive to buy than they should be, but you can also make them yourself fairly easily if you follow this Intractable. Also check out Jessyratfink’s excellent unsolvable for a slightly different explanation of the same saddle stitch technique.
To use a sewing pony, place the piece of leather you will be sewing between the pony’s jaws and tighten the clamps. You may want to use two pieces of scrap leather or cardboard on each side of your piece to make sure it doesn’t get damaged during clamping.
WHAT THICKNESS OF LEATHER CAN BE SEWED WITH THE MACHINE TYPES OF LEATHER STITCHING
Types of leather stitching are best done on pliable, thin leather that can be easily bent around the seam. If the skin is too thick, the needles will break!
Very thin leather like Calf Nappa can be sewn on a small home sewing machine. However, when stitching more than two layers together or when stitching thick leather, an industrial sewing machine will be needed.
As a general rule:
- Leather between 0.8 mm and 1 mm can be sewn on a home sewing machine.
- Leather with a thickness of 1 mm to 3 mm needs to be stitched with an industrial sewing machine.
- Specialized industrial sewing machines are required for sewing leathers 3 mm thick or thicker.
TYPES OF LEATHER STITCHING WHAT IS LACEING
Leather lacing is a type of stitching leather where you use strips of leather to sew instead of nylon, polyester or tendon. The traditional tack used by American cowboys, Spanish caballeros, and Mexican vaqueros used decorative lacing on their horse’s tack. Lacing is different from leather braiding.
The leather string is used to connect two pieces of leather or to decorate the edge of the leather. Lacing has been used for many generations and has shown excellent durability. Varju and Company have a stunningly beautiful close-up of the lacing on their website.
Types of Leather stitching can be difficult to master. Learning how to properly sew leather is essential to the quality of the finished piece. Leather stitching can be functional or decorative, hand or machine. Machine sewing is much faster and more accurate, but the thread is more prone to damage. A damaged machine stitched cord will unravel due to the nature of the bound stitch used in machine sewing. Hand sewing is slower and more difficult to master than machine sewing. Single or double needle techniques are used for hand sewing. Functional hand sewing is almost always done with two needles.